The effect of humeral-fenestration diameter in Outerbridge–Kashiwagi arthroplasty on failure load of the distal humerus: a cadaveric biomechanical study

Chih Kai Hong, Ming Long Yeh, I. Ming Jou, Cheng Li Lin, Chih Hsun Chang, Chih Hung Chang, Wei Ren Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Outerbridge–Kashiwagi ulnohumeral arthroplasty is an effective method in treating elbow osteoarthritis; however, distal humerus fracture after surgery can become a critical issue. A previous biomechanical study has shown that the failure load of the distal humerus decreases after a fenestration, but the size of the fenestration hole has not yet been discussed. Materials and methods: 32 fresh-frozen cadaveric distal humeri were obtained. Two drill sizes were chosen for fenestration: 12 and 15 mm in diameter. Two directions of force were applied with a materials testing machine for biomechanical testing: 5° flexion for axial loading and 75° flexion for anterior–posterior (AP) loading. Each specimen randomly received one of the two fenestration sizes, and force directions. All specimens were loaded to failure at a rate of 2 mm/min. Results: The failure loads of the 12 and 15 mm groups were not significantly different in either axial loading(3886 ± 1271 N vs 4286 ± 901 N) or AP loading(2303 ± 803 N vs 1897 ± 357 N). All specimens loaded with axial force failed via the fenestration holes; however, during AP loading, some specimens failed through the fenestration holes, while others at diaphysis (p = 0.28). Conclusions: The failure load of distal humeri did not differ significantly after fenestration of 12 or 15 mm. The clinical relevance is that as the risk of distal humerus fracture is not exacerbated, a larger-size fenestration hole could be of help to improve the effectiveness of this surgical procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-628
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume138
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 1

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Humerus
Arthroplasty
Weight-Bearing
Materials Testing
Diaphyses
Mandrillus
Elbow
Osteoarthritis
Direction compound

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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title = "The effect of humeral-fenestration diameter in Outerbridge–Kashiwagi arthroplasty on failure load of the distal humerus: a cadaveric biomechanical study",
abstract = "Introduction: Outerbridge–Kashiwagi ulnohumeral arthroplasty is an effective method in treating elbow osteoarthritis; however, distal humerus fracture after surgery can become a critical issue. A previous biomechanical study has shown that the failure load of the distal humerus decreases after a fenestration, but the size of the fenestration hole has not yet been discussed. Materials and methods: 32 fresh-frozen cadaveric distal humeri were obtained. Two drill sizes were chosen for fenestration: 12 and 15 mm in diameter. Two directions of force were applied with a materials testing machine for biomechanical testing: 5° flexion for axial loading and 75° flexion for anterior–posterior (AP) loading. Each specimen randomly received one of the two fenestration sizes, and force directions. All specimens were loaded to failure at a rate of 2 mm/min. Results: The failure loads of the 12 and 15 mm groups were not significantly different in either axial loading(3886 ± 1271 N vs 4286 ± 901 N) or AP loading(2303 ± 803 N vs 1897 ± 357 N). All specimens loaded with axial force failed via the fenestration holes; however, during AP loading, some specimens failed through the fenestration holes, while others at diaphysis (p = 0.28). Conclusions: The failure load of distal humeri did not differ significantly after fenestration of 12 or 15 mm. The clinical relevance is that as the risk of distal humerus fracture is not exacerbated, a larger-size fenestration hole could be of help to improve the effectiveness of this surgical procedure.",
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The effect of humeral-fenestration diameter in Outerbridge–Kashiwagi arthroplasty on failure load of the distal humerus : a cadaveric biomechanical study. / Hong, Chih Kai; Yeh, Ming Long; Jou, I. Ming; Lin, Cheng Li; Chang, Chih Hsun; Chang, Chih Hung; Su, Wei Ren.

In: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Vol. 138, No. 5, 01.05.2018, p. 623-628.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The effect of humeral-fenestration diameter in Outerbridge–Kashiwagi arthroplasty on failure load of the distal humerus

T2 - a cadaveric biomechanical study

AU - Hong, Chih Kai

AU - Yeh, Ming Long

AU - Jou, I. Ming

AU - Lin, Cheng Li

AU - Chang, Chih Hsun

AU - Chang, Chih Hung

AU - Su, Wei Ren

PY - 2018/5/1

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N2 - Introduction: Outerbridge–Kashiwagi ulnohumeral arthroplasty is an effective method in treating elbow osteoarthritis; however, distal humerus fracture after surgery can become a critical issue. A previous biomechanical study has shown that the failure load of the distal humerus decreases after a fenestration, but the size of the fenestration hole has not yet been discussed. Materials and methods: 32 fresh-frozen cadaveric distal humeri were obtained. Two drill sizes were chosen for fenestration: 12 and 15 mm in diameter. Two directions of force were applied with a materials testing machine for biomechanical testing: 5° flexion for axial loading and 75° flexion for anterior–posterior (AP) loading. Each specimen randomly received one of the two fenestration sizes, and force directions. All specimens were loaded to failure at a rate of 2 mm/min. Results: The failure loads of the 12 and 15 mm groups were not significantly different in either axial loading(3886 ± 1271 N vs 4286 ± 901 N) or AP loading(2303 ± 803 N vs 1897 ± 357 N). All specimens loaded with axial force failed via the fenestration holes; however, during AP loading, some specimens failed through the fenestration holes, while others at diaphysis (p = 0.28). Conclusions: The failure load of distal humeri did not differ significantly after fenestration of 12 or 15 mm. The clinical relevance is that as the risk of distal humerus fracture is not exacerbated, a larger-size fenestration hole could be of help to improve the effectiveness of this surgical procedure.

AB - Introduction: Outerbridge–Kashiwagi ulnohumeral arthroplasty is an effective method in treating elbow osteoarthritis; however, distal humerus fracture after surgery can become a critical issue. A previous biomechanical study has shown that the failure load of the distal humerus decreases after a fenestration, but the size of the fenestration hole has not yet been discussed. Materials and methods: 32 fresh-frozen cadaveric distal humeri were obtained. Two drill sizes were chosen for fenestration: 12 and 15 mm in diameter. Two directions of force were applied with a materials testing machine for biomechanical testing: 5° flexion for axial loading and 75° flexion for anterior–posterior (AP) loading. Each specimen randomly received one of the two fenestration sizes, and force directions. All specimens were loaded to failure at a rate of 2 mm/min. Results: The failure loads of the 12 and 15 mm groups were not significantly different in either axial loading(3886 ± 1271 N vs 4286 ± 901 N) or AP loading(2303 ± 803 N vs 1897 ± 357 N). All specimens loaded with axial force failed via the fenestration holes; however, during AP loading, some specimens failed through the fenestration holes, while others at diaphysis (p = 0.28). Conclusions: The failure load of distal humeri did not differ significantly after fenestration of 12 or 15 mm. The clinical relevance is that as the risk of distal humerus fracture is not exacerbated, a larger-size fenestration hole could be of help to improve the effectiveness of this surgical procedure.

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