The effect of lexical tones on voice onset time

Li-Mei Chen, Jui Feng Peng, Kuan Yi Chao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to examine the influence of lexical tone upon voice onset time (VOT) in Mandarin and Hakka. Examination of VOT values for Mandarin and Hakka word-initial stops in different lexical tones revealed a significant influence. In Mandarin, stops' VOTs, ordering from the longest to the shortest, are in Tone 2, 3, 1, and 4, which conforms to Liu et al.'s (2008) results. However, it was found that the sequence results from the existence of non-words. Participants tended to pronounce non-words at a lower speed in order to produce them correctly. Therefore, data without non-words were further examined, in which no clear sequence had been found. For Hakka, Post-hoc tests show that aspirated stops in Tones 4 and 8 have significantly shorter VOT values than they have in other tones. The result suggests that future studies should consider the effect of lexical tone when studying in tonal languages.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISM 2009 - 11th IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
Event11th IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia, ISM 2009 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 2009 Dec 142009 Dec 16

Publication series

NameISM 2009 - 11th IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia


Other11th IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia, ISM 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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