Acute traumatic peripheral nerve injury remains a significant clinical issue affecting mostly young individuals and their productivity in spite of advances in current medicine. Hyaluronan has been explored in this scenario for its anti-adhesive and high biocompatibility properties for decades. The molecular weight and concentration of the locally applied hyaluronan has been overlooked and not optimized. We used different molecular weights and concentrations of hyaluronan in a rat sciatic nerve crush injury model and found better overall outcomes with high molecular weight (3000 kDa) hyaluronan. The anti-inflammatory effect of the higher molecular weight hyaluronan may have a more favorable effect. We conclude that the optimization of hyaluronan is necessary when incorporating hyaluronan in the engineering of biomaterials for use in acute traumatic peripheral nerve injury.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering