We use the tight-binding model and the random-phase approximation to investigate the intrinsic plasmon in silicene. At finite temperatures, an undamped plasmon is generated from the interplay between the intraband and the interband-gap transitions. The extent of the plasmon existence range in terms of momentum and temperature, which is dependent on the size of the single-particle-excitation gap, is further tuned by applying a perpendicular electric field. The plasmon becomes damped in the interband-excitation region. A low damped zone is created by the field-induced spin split. The field-dependent plasmon spectrum shows a strong tunability in the plasmon intensity and spectral bandwidth. This could make silicene a very suitable candidate for plasmonic applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)