The effect of the side-chain ratio on main-chain-type and side-chain-type sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) for direct methanol fuel cell applications

Chien Kung Lin, Jie Cheng Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of side-chain ratios of novel main-chain-type and side-chain-type sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone)s (MS-SPEEKs) were synthesised by reaction of the sulfonic acid groups of pristine SPEEKs with 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid to improve the nano-phase separated morphology of the material. 1H NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy was employed to determine the structure and composition of main-chain-type and side-chain-type sulfonated polymers. Flexible and tough membranes with reasonable thermal properties were obtained. The MS-SPEEKs showed good hydrolytic stability, and water uptake values that range from 17% to 25% were observed. Compared to Nafion® 117, the methanol permeability of the MS-SPEEKs was dramatically reduced to between 9.97 × 10 -8 cm 2 s -1 and 1.51 × 10 -7 cm 2 s -1. The proton conductivity increased with increasing temperature and reached 0.031-0.099 S cm -1. A maximum power density and open-circuit voltage of 142 mW cm -2 and 0.79 V, respectively, were obtained at 70 °C, which were significantly greater than the values generated with Nafion® 117. The introduction of pendent side-chain-type sulfonic acid groups with a side-chain ratio of 8% showed the best cell performance; thus, the lower water diffusivity, lower methanol permeability and higher cell performance indicated that MS-SPEEK was a promising candidate for DMFC applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9244-9252
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume22
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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