The Effectiveness and Safety of Botulinum Neurotoxin in Obstetric Brachial Plexus Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ting Yen Chen, Yu Chi Su, Yu Ching Lin, Yao Hong Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obstetric brachial plexus injury, also known as neonatal brachial plexus injury, is not unusual in newborns. Given the lack of a comprehensive synthesis of the available data on the effectiveness of botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) in treating children with obstetric brachial plexus injury, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases from inception to 25 November 2022. Outcomes were function of the shoulder and elbow joints, muscle power of the deltoid, biceps brachii and triceps brachii, and the recurrence rate of subluxation or dislocation after reduction of the shoulder joint after BoNT application. Meta-regression was conducted to assess the moderator effect of age. We included 11 case series and 2 cohort studies. Passive range of motion of shoulder external rotation (standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.678; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 0.423 to 0.934), Active Movement Scale for shoulder external rotation (SMD, 0.47; 95%CI, 0.131 to 0.808), and active range of motion of elbow extension (SMD, 2.445; 95%CI, 1.556 to 3.334) increased significantly after BoNT. However, the modified Gilbert scale for shoulder abduction (SMD, 1.239; 95% CI, −0.2 to 2.678), the Toronto score for active elbow flexion (SMD, 1.099; 95% CI, −0.053 to 2.252), muscle power of deltoid (SMD, 0.675; 95% CI, −0.599 to 1.949), biceps brachii (SMD, 0.225; 95% CI, −0.633 to 1.083), and triceps brachii (SMD, 1.354; 95% CI, −1.493 to 4.202) did not reach statistical significance. The moderator effect of age was not significant (p = 0.88). Meta-analysis was not done for recurrence rate of subluxation or dislocation due to insufficient data. In conclusion, our data support BoNT use in patients with obstetric brachial plexus injury. However, definite conclusions cannot be drawn due to small sample size and the lack of randomized controlled trials. More research is warranted to clarify the effectiveness of BoNT in patients with obstetric brachial plexus injury by using standardized injection protocols and outcome measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2419
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Leadership and Management
  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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