The effects of gas composition on the CO2 laser cutting of mild steel

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Abstract

The importance of the exothermic reaction to CO2 laser cutting was found by many previous researchers and this reaction was also investigated widely over the years. However, a systematic investigation about the effects of gas composition on high power CO2 laser cutting has not yet been performed. Therefore, an attempt to systematically examine the effects of gas composition on the CO2 laser cutting of mild steel is carried out from the experimental point of view. There are many non-linear interacting factors responsible for laser cutting process performance. In general, it is impractical to investigate all of the factors at one time. The identification of the dominant factors for which variation could lead to large effects on the cut quality is important. In this research, the gas-composition variation and the gas pressure were selected as the dominant factors. Their effects on the cut quality are investigated, with particular reference to small variations in gas composition. The gas mixtures used in this study are composed of oxygen, argon, nitrogen, helium. From the experimental results, it has been found that a high purity of oxygen is required for the high-performance CO2 laser cutting of mild steel. Only a tiny oxygen impurity (1.25%) will reduce the maximum cutting speed by 50%. For 3 mm thick mild steel CO2 laser cutting, a good cut was not found in the present study using low pressure - up to 6 bar - inert gas (nitrogen, argon, helium) cutting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-159
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Volume73
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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