The effects of unsteady wind on the performances of a newly developed cross-axis wind turbine: A wind tunnel study

Wei-Cheng Wang, Jheng Jie Wang, Wen Tong Chong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

For the purpose of meeting the wind field in urban area, the performances of a newly invented cross-axis wind turbine (CAWT), which consists of the advantages of horizontal and vertical axis wind turbines (HAWTs and VAWTs), was examined in a calibrated open-circuit low speed wind tunnel. Firstly, to ensure the quality of the wind tunnel, the evaluations in accordance with the flow uniformity, turbulent intensity and pressure gradient along the test section were conducted within the wind tunnel, based on the IEC61400-12 standard. Furthermore, the CAWT was tested with and without the artificial turbulence generator for examining the static and dynamic performances within the steady/unsteady wind conditions at various Reynolds numbers, and the blockage inside the wind tunnel was additionally taken into account. The results showed that both the static and dynamic performances were improved with the addition of turbulence generator. Moreover, the payback period of the CAWT was calculated associated with its power performance.

LanguageEnglish
Pages644-659
Number of pages16
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 1

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wind turbine
wind tunnel
turbulence
turbulent flow
wind field
pressure gradient
Reynolds number
urban area
effect

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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abstract = "For the purpose of meeting the wind field in urban area, the performances of a newly invented cross-axis wind turbine (CAWT), which consists of the advantages of horizontal and vertical axis wind turbines (HAWTs and VAWTs), was examined in a calibrated open-circuit low speed wind tunnel. Firstly, to ensure the quality of the wind tunnel, the evaluations in accordance with the flow uniformity, turbulent intensity and pressure gradient along the test section were conducted within the wind tunnel, based on the IEC61400-12 standard. Furthermore, the CAWT was tested with and without the artificial turbulence generator for examining the static and dynamic performances within the steady/unsteady wind conditions at various Reynolds numbers, and the blockage inside the wind tunnel was additionally taken into account. The results showed that both the static and dynamic performances were improved with the addition of turbulence generator. Moreover, the payback period of the CAWT was calculated associated with its power performance.",
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The effects of unsteady wind on the performances of a newly developed cross-axis wind turbine : A wind tunnel study. / Wang, Wei-Cheng; Wang, Jheng Jie; Chong, Wen Tong.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 131, 01.02.2019, p. 644-659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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