The characteristics of the boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode in this work were studied by atomic force microscope (AFM), scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The electro-oxidation of formaldehyde at the BDD electrode in 0.5 M K2SO4 with different pH was studied by cyclic voltammetry and amperometry. There is no significant oxidation peak of formaldehyde in acidic solution because the oxidation of formaldehyde is at the potential range of water discharge. However, in neutral solution, there is a well-defined oxidation peak at about +2.2 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The relation between the response current and formaldehyde concentration is linear behavior at the concentration range from 50 to 600 μM. Besides, in neutral solution, the oxidation of formaldehyde is dominated by indirect oxidation at lower formaldehyde concentration, and it is dominated by direct oxidation at higher concentration. Finally, in alkaline solution, the oxidation of formaldehyde is dominated by indirect oxidation caused by a powerful oxidant and is related to the ratio of the amounts of formaldehyde and OH molecules at the BDD electrode surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical