The electro-oxidation of formaldehyde at a boron-doped diamond electrode

Chia Chin Chang, Li Chia Chen, Shyh Jiun Liu, Hsien-Chang Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The characteristics of the boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode in this work were studied by atomic force microscope (AFM), scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The electro-oxidation of formaldehyde at the BDD electrode in 0.5 M K2SO4 with different pH was studied by cyclic voltammetry and amperometry. There is no significant oxidation peak of formaldehyde in acidic solution because the oxidation of formaldehyde is at the potential range of water discharge. However, in neutral solution, there is a well-defined oxidation peak at about +2.2 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The relation between the response current and formaldehyde concentration is linear behavior at the concentration range from 50 to 600 μM. Besides, in neutral solution, the oxidation of formaldehyde is dominated by indirect oxidation at lower formaldehyde concentration, and it is dominated by direct oxidation at higher concentration. Finally, in alkaline solution, the oxidation of formaldehyde is dominated by indirect oxidation caused by a powerful oxidant and is related to the ratio of the amounts of formaldehyde and OH molecules at the BDD electrode surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2581-2589
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Letters
Volume39
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Diamond
Boron
Electrooxidation
Formaldehyde
Diamonds
Electrodes
Oxidation
Raman Spectrum Analysis
Oxidants
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Cyclic voltammetry
Raman spectroscopy
Microscopes
Scanning electron microscopy
Molecules
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Chang, Chia Chin ; Chen, Li Chia ; Liu, Shyh Jiun ; Chang, Hsien-Chang. / The electro-oxidation of formaldehyde at a boron-doped diamond electrode. In: Analytical Letters. 2006 ; Vol. 39, No. 13. pp. 2581-2589.
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The electro-oxidation of formaldehyde at a boron-doped diamond electrode. / Chang, Chia Chin; Chen, Li Chia; Liu, Shyh Jiun; Chang, Hsien-Chang.

In: Analytical Letters, Vol. 39, No. 13, 01.10.2006, p. 2581-2589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The electro-oxidation of formaldehyde at a boron-doped diamond electrode

AU - Chang, Chia Chin

AU - Chen, Li Chia

AU - Liu, Shyh Jiun

AU - Chang, Hsien-Chang

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AB - The characteristics of the boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode in this work were studied by atomic force microscope (AFM), scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The electro-oxidation of formaldehyde at the BDD electrode in 0.5 M K2SO4 with different pH was studied by cyclic voltammetry and amperometry. There is no significant oxidation peak of formaldehyde in acidic solution because the oxidation of formaldehyde is at the potential range of water discharge. However, in neutral solution, there is a well-defined oxidation peak at about +2.2 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The relation between the response current and formaldehyde concentration is linear behavior at the concentration range from 50 to 600 μM. Besides, in neutral solution, the oxidation of formaldehyde is dominated by indirect oxidation at lower formaldehyde concentration, and it is dominated by direct oxidation at higher concentration. Finally, in alkaline solution, the oxidation of formaldehyde is dominated by indirect oxidation caused by a powerful oxidant and is related to the ratio of the amounts of formaldehyde and OH molecules at the BDD electrode surface.

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