The evacuation safety analysis of fire scenarios in the entire acoustic barriers of elevated Mass Rapid Transit System

Hue Pei Chang, San Ping Ho, Chao Shi Chen, Tzu Sheng Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The entire acoustic barrier is similar to a tunnel for the elevated Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) System. Current smoke ventilation designs for the elevated MRT system have no precedent standards to follow, and therefore are all designed based on experience. For the entire acoustic barrier design in the MRT system in Taiwan, this research used FDS to simulate fires under the compartments with different heat release rates and varying number of compartments in varying lengths of entire acoustic barriers. The effects of the smoke layers produced by the fires on the evacuation of the personnel were observed. This research used a 1000 m entire acoustic barrier without smoke vent for discussion, and it was discovered that evacuation proved to be ineffective when the heat release rates were 10, 20, 30 and 40 MW. However, under circumstances where openings of different sizes were used at the top of the barriers, or changes were made to the heat release rates, or alterations were made to the number of passengers and compartments, a formula was developed in which all passengers could be evacuated under these varying circumstances; and this formula can be used as reference during the designing of natural ventilation vents in acoustic barriers for elevated MRT systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-69
Number of pages5
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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