Milkfish, a species within the primitive teleost lineage Otocephala, can survive in water conditions ranging from hypo- to hyper-saline. This study explored the effects of environmental salinity on apical morphologies of ionocytes and the expression of villin homologs in the gills of milkfish acclimated to either seawater (SW) or fresh water (FW). Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the ionocytes in the gill filaments of SW and FW milkfish, respectively, cellular apical morphologies were hole-type and squint-type. The flat-type ionocytes were observed in the gill lamellae of FW milkfish. Furthermore, apical surfaces of some lamellar ionocytes exhibited microvilli. Villin 1 is a microvilli marker expressed in the epithelial cells of various vertebrates. In the phylogenetic tree of villin 1 homologs, primitive teleosts exhibit villin 1-like (VILL) and villin 1 proteins. Two mRNA sequences, villin 1 and VILL, were identified from the milkfish transcriptome by next generation sequencing. Low but constant expression of villin 1 (gene and protein) was observed in the gills for both SW and FW fish. VILL gene and protein expression levels in the gills were higher in FW fish, compared to SW fish. Double immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that VILL protein was present in some lamellar ionocytes of FW milkfish, but not in the filament ionocytes of either FW or SW milkfish. Taken together, these findings indicated that the VILL expression of ionocytes is hypoosmotic-dependent. The VILL might be involved in the formation of microvilli in the lamellar ionocytes for hyperosmoregulation of the milkfish.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology