We report a novel method for the fabrication of silver nanowires under controlled conditions. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized using a surfactant of octanoic acid via a reverse micelle technique. Hollow nanotubes were prepared under various controlled conditions through self-assembly of surfactant clusters of reversed micelles containing silver nanoparticles. These organized nanotubes were used as a structure-directing template for the preparation of silver nanowires. This is a bottom-up technique for the fabrication of silver nanowires. Self-assembled nanotube construction and the cross section of the nanotubes were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. From the results, reasonable schematic representations of the formation of self-assembled nanoparticles and nanowires were proposed. Further sintering treatment at 500°C burned away the organic compounds and left silver nanowires. The construction of the nanowires was confirmed using SEM, x-ray diffraction (XRD), and energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDXA). This paper demonstrates that silver nanowires can be fabricated via self-assembled nanoparticles at a controlled low temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering