The fast development of solar terrestrial sciences in Taiwan

Jann Yenq Liu, Loren Chee Wei Chang, Chi Kuang Chao, Ming Quey Chen, Yen Hsyang Chu, Lin Ni Hau, Chien Ming Huang, Cheng Ling Kuo, Lou Chuang Lee, Ling Hsiao Lyu, Chia Hsien Lin, Chen Jeih Pan, Jih Hong Shue, Ching Lun Su, Lung Chih Tsai, Ya Hui Yang, Chien-Hung Lin, Rue-Ron Hsu, Han-Tzong Su

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Taiwan, research and education of solar terrestrial sciences began with a ground-based ionosonde operated by Ministry of Communications in 1952 and courses of ionospheric physics and space physics offered by National Central University (NCU) in 1959, respectively. Since 1990, to enhance both research and education, the Institute of Space Science at NCU has been setting up and operating ground-based observations of micropulsations, very high-frequency radar, low-latitude ionospheric tomography network, high-frequency Doppler sounder, digital ionosondes, and total electron content (TEC) derived from ground-based GPS receivers to study the morphology of the ionosphere for diurnal, seasonal, geophysical, and solar activity variations, as well as the ionosphere response to solar flares, solar wind, solar eclipses, magnetic storms, earthquakes, tsunami, and so on. Meanwhile, to have better understanding on physics and mechanisms, model simulations for the heliosphere, solar wind, magnetosphere, and ionosphere are also introduced and developed. After the 21 September 1999 Mw7.6 Chi–Chi earthquake, seismo-ionospheric precursors and seismo-traveling ionospheric disturbances induced by earthquakes become the most interesting and challenging research topics of the world. The development of solar terrestrial sciences grows even much faster after National Space Origination has been launching a series of FORMOSAT satellites since 1999. ROCSAT-1 (now renamed FORMOSAT-1) measures the ion composition, density, temperature, and drift velocity at the 600-km altitude in the low-latitude ionosphere; FORMOSAT-2 is to investigate lightning-induced transient luminous events, polar aurora, and upper atmospheric airglow, and FORMOSAT-3 probes ionospheric electron density profiles of the globe. In the near future, FORMOSAT-5 and FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 will be employed for studying solar terrestrial sciences. These satellite missions play an important role on the recent development of solar terrestrial sciences in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalGeoscience Letters
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Liu, J. Y., Chang, L. C. W., Chao, C. K., Chen, M. Q., Chu, Y. H., Hau, L. N., Huang, C. M., Kuo, C. L., Lee, L. C., Lyu, L. H., Lin, C. H., Pan, C. J., Shue, J. H., Su, C. L., Tsai, L. C., Yang, Y. H., Lin, C-H., Hsu, R-R., & Su, H-T. (2016). The fast development of solar terrestrial sciences in Taiwan. Geoscience Letters, 3(1), [18]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40562-016-0049-0