The flame-retardant material - 1. Studies on thermal characteristics and flame retardance behavior of phosphorus-containing copolymer of methyl methacrylate with 2-methacryloxyethyl phenyl phosphate

Guo An Wang, Cheng Chien Wang, Chuh-Yung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

2-Methacryloxyethyl phenyl phosphate/methyl methacrylate (MEPP/MMA) copolymers were synthesized by the bulk polymerization of MMA in the presence of various amounts of MEPP. MEPP was prepared by the esterification of phenyl dichlorophosphate with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, followed by hydrolysis. Structural and compositional details of MEPP were obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometer, as well as by elemental analysis. The monomer reactivity ratios of MEPP/MMA system were calculated by the methods of Fineman-Ross, Kelen-Tüdös, and Joshi-Joshi. The thermal degradation temperature of the MEPP/MMA copolymers was considerably enhanced by only a slight decrease in Tg, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis experiments. The fire-retardant properties of MEPP/MMA copolymers were also studied by LOI and UL-94 tests, indicating that an MEPP/MMA copolymer with only 2.17 wt% phosphorus can effectively inhibit burning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2683-2690
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume91
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Flame Retardants
flame retardants
Methacrylates
Flame retardants
Phosphorus
phosphorus
flames
copolymers
phosphates
Phosphates
Copolymers
Nuclear magnetic resonance
nuclear magnetic resonance
Magnetic resonance spectrometers
thermal degradation
Esterification
Mass spectrometers
mass spectrometers
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Thermogravimetric analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{e63b10389b8342f590f4001cba49534c,
title = "The flame-retardant material - 1. Studies on thermal characteristics and flame retardance behavior of phosphorus-containing copolymer of methyl methacrylate with 2-methacryloxyethyl phenyl phosphate",
abstract = "2-Methacryloxyethyl phenyl phosphate/methyl methacrylate (MEPP/MMA) copolymers were synthesized by the bulk polymerization of MMA in the presence of various amounts of MEPP. MEPP was prepared by the esterification of phenyl dichlorophosphate with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, followed by hydrolysis. Structural and compositional details of MEPP were obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometer, as well as by elemental analysis. The monomer reactivity ratios of MEPP/MMA system were calculated by the methods of Fineman-Ross, Kelen-T{\"u}d{\"o}s, and Joshi-Joshi. The thermal degradation temperature of the MEPP/MMA copolymers was considerably enhanced by only a slight decrease in Tg, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis experiments. The fire-retardant properties of MEPP/MMA copolymers were also studied by LOI and UL-94 tests, indicating that an MEPP/MMA copolymer with only 2.17 wt{\%} phosphorus can effectively inhibit burning.",
author = "Wang, {Guo An} and Wang, {Cheng Chien} and Chuh-Yung Chen",
year = "2006",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.04.032",
language = "English",
volume = "91",
pages = "2683--2690",
journal = "Polymer Degradation and Stability",
issn = "0141-3910",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The flame-retardant material - 1. Studies on thermal characteristics and flame retardance behavior of phosphorus-containing copolymer of methyl methacrylate with 2-methacryloxyethyl phenyl phosphate

AU - Wang, Guo An

AU - Wang, Cheng Chien

AU - Chen, Chuh-Yung

PY - 2006/11/1

Y1 - 2006/11/1

N2 - 2-Methacryloxyethyl phenyl phosphate/methyl methacrylate (MEPP/MMA) copolymers were synthesized by the bulk polymerization of MMA in the presence of various amounts of MEPP. MEPP was prepared by the esterification of phenyl dichlorophosphate with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, followed by hydrolysis. Structural and compositional details of MEPP were obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometer, as well as by elemental analysis. The monomer reactivity ratios of MEPP/MMA system were calculated by the methods of Fineman-Ross, Kelen-Tüdös, and Joshi-Joshi. The thermal degradation temperature of the MEPP/MMA copolymers was considerably enhanced by only a slight decrease in Tg, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis experiments. The fire-retardant properties of MEPP/MMA copolymers were also studied by LOI and UL-94 tests, indicating that an MEPP/MMA copolymer with only 2.17 wt% phosphorus can effectively inhibit burning.

AB - 2-Methacryloxyethyl phenyl phosphate/methyl methacrylate (MEPP/MMA) copolymers were synthesized by the bulk polymerization of MMA in the presence of various amounts of MEPP. MEPP was prepared by the esterification of phenyl dichlorophosphate with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, followed by hydrolysis. Structural and compositional details of MEPP were obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance, 13C nuclear magnetic resonance, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometer, as well as by elemental analysis. The monomer reactivity ratios of MEPP/MMA system were calculated by the methods of Fineman-Ross, Kelen-Tüdös, and Joshi-Joshi. The thermal degradation temperature of the MEPP/MMA copolymers was considerably enhanced by only a slight decrease in Tg, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis experiments. The fire-retardant properties of MEPP/MMA copolymers were also studied by LOI and UL-94 tests, indicating that an MEPP/MMA copolymer with only 2.17 wt% phosphorus can effectively inhibit burning.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33748296356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33748296356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.04.032

DO - 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.04.032

M3 - Article

VL - 91

SP - 2683

EP - 2690

JO - Polymer Degradation and Stability

JF - Polymer Degradation and Stability

SN - 0141-3910

IS - 11

ER -