Background: Upper abdominal surgical treatment may reduce respiratory muscle function and mucociliary clearance, which might be a cause of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). Threshold inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may serve as an effective modality to improve respiratory muscle strength and endurance in patients. However, whether this training could help patients with upper abdominal surgery remains to be determined. The aim of the present investigation was to determine the effect of a fully engaged IMT on PPCs and respiratory function in patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery. We hypothesized that the fully engaged IMT could reduce PPCs and improve respiratory muscle function in patients with upper abdominal surgery. Methods: This is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 28 patients who underwent upper abdominal surgery. Patients were randomly assigned to the control (CLT) group or the IMT group. The CTL group received regular health care. The IMT group received 3 weeks of IMT with 50% of MIP as the initial intensity before the operation. The intensity of MIP increased by 5–10% per week. The IMT was continued for 4 weeks after the operation. The study investigated the outcomes including PPCs, respiratory muscle strength, diaphragmatic function, cardiopulmonary function, and quality of life (QoL). Results: We found that IMT improved respiratory muscle strength and diaphragmatic excursion. IMT also had a beneficial effect on the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) compared to CLT care. Conclusion: The results from this study revealed that IMT provided positive effects on parameters associated with the respiratory muscle function and reduced the incidence of PPCs. We propose that fully engaged IMT should be a part of clinical management in patients with upper abdominal surgery.KEY MESSAGES The fully engaged inspiratory muscle training reduces postoperative pulmonary complications rate in patients with upper abdominal surgery. The fully engaged inspiratory muscle training increases maximal inspiratory pressure in patients with upper abdominal surgery. The fully engaged inspiratory muscle training increases diaphragm function in patients with upper abdominal surgery. The fully engaged inspiratory muscle training increases the quality of life in patients with upper abdominal surgery.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Annals of Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes