The growth, structure and magnetic and dielectric properties of Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 and K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 single crystals

Jean Kuo Tai, You Yun Li, Xiao-Ding Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Single crystals of Ba6Fe0.90Nb9.10O 30 and K4 (Fe1.56Nb6.44)O 21.4, were grown from high temperature solution at 1380 °C and 1150 °C, respectively, by the spontaneous nucleation method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction confirmed that Ba6Fe0.90Nb 9.10O30 belonged to the tetragonal tungsten-bronze (TTB) structure, with the space group P4/mbm (No. 127) and the lattice parameters a = 12.5895(3) and c = 3.98910(10) Å. In contrast, K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 did not crystallize in the TTB structure and had a orthorhombic lattice instead, of which the space group was Pnma (No. 62) and the lattice parameters were a = 6.5371(6), b = 3.8212(3), and c = 18.6967(16) Å. Crystal structure analysis showed that the centers of the anion polyhedra in both crystals had distorted from the sites of the cations. The estimation from the empirical equations showed that Ba6Fe 0.90Nb9.10O30 was ferroelectric below room temperature, whereas the ferroelectric transition temperature for K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was as high as 820 °C. Preliminary magnetic characterization suggested that Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 was likely to be antiferromagnetic at low temperature, while K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was probably paramagnetic down to 10 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-454
Number of pages9
JournalProcedia Engineering
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1
Event2011 IUMRS International Conference in Asia, ICA 2011 - Taipei, Taiwan
Duration: 2011 Sep 192011 Sep 22

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Dielectric properties
Magnetic properties
Bronze
Single crystals
Lattice constants
Ferroelectric materials
Tungsten
Temperature
Superconducting transition temperature
Nucleation
Negative ions
Crystal structure
Positive ions
X ray diffraction
Crystals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{98fee848ccab4121ad48b224e26873b3,
title = "The growth, structure and magnetic and dielectric properties of Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 and K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 single crystals",
abstract = "Single crystals of Ba6Fe0.90Nb9.10O 30 and K4 (Fe1.56Nb6.44)O 21.4, were grown from high temperature solution at 1380 °C and 1150 °C, respectively, by the spontaneous nucleation method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction confirmed that Ba6Fe0.90Nb 9.10O30 belonged to the tetragonal tungsten-bronze (TTB) structure, with the space group P4/mbm (No. 127) and the lattice parameters a = 12.5895(3) and c = 3.98910(10) {\AA}. In contrast, K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 did not crystallize in the TTB structure and had a orthorhombic lattice instead, of which the space group was Pnma (No. 62) and the lattice parameters were a = 6.5371(6), b = 3.8212(3), and c = 18.6967(16) {\AA}. Crystal structure analysis showed that the centers of the anion polyhedra in both crystals had distorted from the sites of the cations. The estimation from the empirical equations showed that Ba6Fe 0.90Nb9.10O30 was ferroelectric below room temperature, whereas the ferroelectric transition temperature for K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was as high as 820 °C. Preliminary magnetic characterization suggested that Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 was likely to be antiferromagnetic at low temperature, while K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was probably paramagnetic down to 10 K.",
author = "Tai, {Jean Kuo} and Li, {You Yun} and Xiao-Ding Qi",
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The growth, structure and magnetic and dielectric properties of Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 and K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 single crystals. / Tai, Jean Kuo; Li, You Yun; Qi, Xiao-Ding.

In: Procedia Engineering, Vol. 36, 01.01.2012, p. 446-454.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The growth, structure and magnetic and dielectric properties of Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 and K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 single crystals

AU - Tai, Jean Kuo

AU - Li, You Yun

AU - Qi, Xiao-Ding

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Single crystals of Ba6Fe0.90Nb9.10O 30 and K4 (Fe1.56Nb6.44)O 21.4, were grown from high temperature solution at 1380 °C and 1150 °C, respectively, by the spontaneous nucleation method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction confirmed that Ba6Fe0.90Nb 9.10O30 belonged to the tetragonal tungsten-bronze (TTB) structure, with the space group P4/mbm (No. 127) and the lattice parameters a = 12.5895(3) and c = 3.98910(10) Å. In contrast, K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 did not crystallize in the TTB structure and had a orthorhombic lattice instead, of which the space group was Pnma (No. 62) and the lattice parameters were a = 6.5371(6), b = 3.8212(3), and c = 18.6967(16) Å. Crystal structure analysis showed that the centers of the anion polyhedra in both crystals had distorted from the sites of the cations. The estimation from the empirical equations showed that Ba6Fe 0.90Nb9.10O30 was ferroelectric below room temperature, whereas the ferroelectric transition temperature for K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was as high as 820 °C. Preliminary magnetic characterization suggested that Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 was likely to be antiferromagnetic at low temperature, while K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was probably paramagnetic down to 10 K.

AB - Single crystals of Ba6Fe0.90Nb9.10O 30 and K4 (Fe1.56Nb6.44)O 21.4, were grown from high temperature solution at 1380 °C and 1150 °C, respectively, by the spontaneous nucleation method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction confirmed that Ba6Fe0.90Nb 9.10O30 belonged to the tetragonal tungsten-bronze (TTB) structure, with the space group P4/mbm (No. 127) and the lattice parameters a = 12.5895(3) and c = 3.98910(10) Å. In contrast, K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 did not crystallize in the TTB structure and had a orthorhombic lattice instead, of which the space group was Pnma (No. 62) and the lattice parameters were a = 6.5371(6), b = 3.8212(3), and c = 18.6967(16) Å. Crystal structure analysis showed that the centers of the anion polyhedra in both crystals had distorted from the sites of the cations. The estimation from the empirical equations showed that Ba6Fe 0.90Nb9.10O30 was ferroelectric below room temperature, whereas the ferroelectric transition temperature for K 4Fe1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was as high as 820 °C. Preliminary magnetic characterization suggested that Ba 6Fe0.90Nb9.10O30 was likely to be antiferromagnetic at low temperature, while K4Fe 1.56Nb6.44O21.4 was probably paramagnetic down to 10 K.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.03.065

DO - 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.03.065

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EP - 454

JO - Procedia Engineering

JF - Procedia Engineering

SN - 1877-7058

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