Background: Management of comorbidities of people living with HIV (PLHIV) involves different care models, including providing diabetes care and HIV care by the same infectious diseases physician (IDP) (“consolidated care”) or providing diabetes care by the physicians other than IDP (“shared care”). The impact of diabetes care model on PLHIV with diabetes mellitus (DM) has not been well-evaluated. Methods: A nationwide cross-sectional sample in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used to compare the performance rates of seven guideline-recommended tests provided by the different subspecialists. Results: Of 523 PLHIV with DM, there were 54.88% (n = 287) in the consolidated care group and 45.12% (n = 236) in the shared care group. More patients in the consolidated care group received the tests of lipid profile (92.33% vs. 79.24%), creatinine (Cr) (93.73% vs. 78.39%), and alanine transaminase (ALT) (91.99% vs. 75.42%), but fewer received urine protein test (35.54% vs. 51.69%) and fundoscopic examination (8.01% vs. 33.90%). The two groups did not differ in the performance rates of serum fasting glucose and HbA1c. After controlling for demographic factors and diabetic severity, the consolidated group was less likely to miss the serum tests of lipid profile (odds ratio [OR]: 0.30), Cr (OR: 0.19), and ALT (OR: 0.23), but more often missed urine protein test (OR: 1.56) and fundoscopic examination (OR: 4.97). Conclusions: These findings suggest the need to focus on different process indicators of diabetes cares in different care models to enhance the diabetes care for PLHIV.
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