Urban flood simulation often ignores or simplifies the function of underground gully systems due to data and computational limitations. To discover the influence of gullies on urban flooding, a novel approach is proposed in this study, by fully-coupling a 1D gully flow model (GFM), a 1D sewer flow model (SFM), and a 2D overland flow model (OFM) to simultaneously simulate the flow exchanges between surface, gullies and sewer pipes. This fully-coupled approach is compared with a simplified approach which directly introduces surface water into sewer pipes without being via gullies. The validation results show that the fully-coupled approach considerably reduces the underestimation of flood extent by 27% compared with the simplified approach. Without considering the capacity of lateral tubes between gullies and sewer pipes, the simplified approach over-drains the surface water into sewer pipes. The modelling of gully flow is crucial for correctly evaluating the efficiency of drainage systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Water Science and Technology