Introduction: Identifying the critical isthmus (CI) in scar-related macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (AT) is challenging, especially for patients with cardiac surgery. We aimed to investigate the electrophysiological characteristics of scar-related macroreentrant ATs in patients with and without cardiac surgery. Methods: A prospective study of 31 patients (mean age 59.4 ± 9.81 years old) with scar-related macroreentrant ATs were enrolled for investigation of substrate properties. Patients were categorized into the nonsurgery (n = 18) and surgery group (n = 13). The CIs were defined by concealed entrainment, conduction velocity less than 0.3 m/s, and the presence of local fractionated electrograms. Results: Among the 31 patients, a total of 65 reentrant circuits and 76 CIs were identified on the coherent map. The scar in the surgical group is larger than the nonsurgical group (18.81 ± 9.22 vs. 10.23 ± 5.34%, p =.016). The CIs in surgical group have longer CI length (15.27 ± 4.89 vs. 11.20 ± 2.96 mm, p =.004), slower conduction velocity (0.46 ± 0.19 vs. 0.69 ± 0.14 m/s, p <.001), and longer total activation time (45.34 ± 9.04 vs. 38.24 ± 8.41%, p =.016) than those in the nonsurgical group. After ablation, 93.54% of patients remained in sinus rhythm during a follow-up of 182 ± 19 days. Conclusion: The characteristics of the isthmus in macroreentrant AT are diverse, especially for surgical scar-related AT. The identification of CIs can facilitate the successful ablation of scar-related ATs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)