The MAVERIC survey: Chandra/ACIS catalog of faint X-ray sources in 38 galactic globular clusters

Arash Bahramian, Jay Strader, James C.A. Miller-Jones, Laura Chomiuk, Craig O. Heinke, Thomas J. Maccarone, David Pooley, Laura Shishkovsky, Vlad Tudor, Yue Zhao, Kwan Lok Li, Gregory R. Sivakoff, Evangelia Tremou, Johannes Buchner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Globular clusters host a variety of lower-luminosity (LX < 1035 erg s−1) X-ray sources, including accreting neutron stars (NSs) and black holes (BHs), millisecond pulsars (MSPs), cataclysmic variables, and chromospherically active binaries. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive catalog of more than 1100 X-ray sources in 38 Galactic globular clusters (GCs) observed by the Chandra X-ray Observatory's Chandra/ACIS detector. The targets are selected to complement the MAVERIC survey's deep radio continuum maps of Galactic GCs. We perform photometry and spectral analysis for each source, determine a best-fit model, and assess the possibility of it being a foreground or background source based on its spectral properties and location in the cluster. We also provide basic assessments of variability. We discuss the distribution of X-ray binaries in GCs and their X-ray luminosity function, and we carefully analyze systems with LX > 1033 erg s−1. Among these moderately bright systems, we discover a new source in NGC 6539 that may be a candidate accreting stellar-mass BH or a transitional MSP. We show that quiescent NS low-mass X-ray binaries in GCs may spend ∼2% of their lifetimes as transitional MSPs in their active (LX > 1033 erg s−1) state. Finally, we identify a substantial underabundance of bright (LX > 1033 erg s−1) intermediate polars in GCs compared to the Galactic field, in contrast with the literature of the past two decades.

Original languageEnglish
Article number57
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume901
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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