The metal interlayer in the charge generation layer of tandem organic light-emitting diodes

Yu Hao Lee, Ming Wei Lin, Ten Chin Wen, Tzung Fang Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This work studies the interface in the charge generation layer (CGL), consisting of aluminum (Al) doped in poly(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ether as an n-type layer and 2, 3, 5, 6-tetrafluoro-7, 7, 8, 8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (F4-TCNQ) doped in N,N′-bis-(1-naphthyl)-N,N′-diphenyl-1, 1′-biphenyl-4-4′-diamine as an p-type layer, in tandem organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Introducing a thin high work function metal interlayer (e.g., Ag or Au) effectively improves the transport and inhibits the accumulation of charges in the CGL, which markedly reduces the operating voltage and enhances the efficiency of tandem OLEDs. We attribute that the high density of surface states on metal clusters (interlayer) reduce the junction barrier to facilitate the transport of carriers through CGL. Experimental results show enhancements of tandem OLEDs by an additional metal interlayer as follows: luminous efficiency increases from 37.2 to 51.4 cd A-1, the light turn-on voltage decreases from 9.2 to 6.6 V, and luminescence at 10 mA cm -2 increases from 3712 to 5211 cd m-2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154512
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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