This study investigates the microstructure and fracture behavior of dissimilar weldments of alloy 690 and SUS 304L for various additions of niobium (0.1, 1.03, 2.49, and 3.35 wt pct) in the flux. With identical parameters and procedures, weldments were butt welded by the shielding metal arc welding (SMAW) process using three layers, with each layer being deposited in a single pass. The results indicate that the microstructure of the fusion zone was primarily dendritic and that the contents of Ni, Cr, and Fe within this zone remain relatively constant and resemble alloy 690. With Nb addition, it is noted that the microstructure changes from a cellular to columnar dendrite and equiaxed dendrite. Meanwhile, the dendrite arm spacing reduces and the secondary arms grow longer. Moreover, the composition of the interdendritic phase, whose precipitate volume percentage increases from 5 to 25 pct, changes from Al-Ti-O to Nb rich. The spread of the interdendritic phase is less in the root bead than in the cap bead due to the greater influence of base metal dilution in this region. Mechanical tests indicate that Nb addition increases the average hardness of the weldment and reduces its elongation prior to rupture. However, the tensile strength is essentially unchanged by Nb addition. It is found that the average hardness of the root bead is generally lower than the cap bead, and that the tensile specimens all rupture in the fusion zone, with the fracture surfaces exhibiting ductile features. It is noted that the cap bead tends to rupture interdendritically with increasing Nb addition. Finally, fractography shows that the dimples in the root become larger and shallower with Nb addition and are rich with an interdendritic phase.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 May|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys