The moderator effect of retention in care on late presentation in HIV-infected patients

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Abstract

The moderator effect of retention in care on late presenters in HIV patients has not been well evaluated. A nationwide cohort study focusing on HIV-infected patients with new engagement in care was conducted by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Retention in care was defined based on the healthcare utilization in the first year after engaging in HIV care. Then, the impact of late presentation, retention in care, and their interaction on the risk of subsequent hospitalizations due to opportunistic infections (OIs-hospitalizations) in the second year were examined. More than half (59.38%) of the total patients (n = 9112) were retained in care in the first year, 8.63% were late presenters, and 110 (1.21%) patients had subsequent hospitalization in the second year. Late presentation and non-retention were independent predictors of OIs-hospitalizations in the second year (OR: 2.58 and OR: 3.27, respectively) and the interaction between them was statistically significant (non-retention in care × late presentation, OR: 3.82). This study showed that retention in care in the first year is a moderator providing a stronger protective effect for late presenters than early presenters. Our findings call for policymakers to develop different strategies for early or late presenters.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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moderator
HIV
Hospitalization
Opportunistic Infections
hospitalization
National Health Programs
Taiwan
Cohort Studies
Databases
Delivery of Health Care
interaction
Research
health insurance
utilization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "The moderator effect of retention in care on late presentation in HIV-infected patients",
abstract = "The moderator effect of retention in care on late presenters in HIV patients has not been well evaluated. A nationwide cohort study focusing on HIV-infected patients with new engagement in care was conducted by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Retention in care was defined based on the healthcare utilization in the first year after engaging in HIV care. Then, the impact of late presentation, retention in care, and their interaction on the risk of subsequent hospitalizations due to opportunistic infections (OIs-hospitalizations) in the second year were examined. More than half (59.38{\%}) of the total patients (n = 9112) were retained in care in the first year, 8.63{\%} were late presenters, and 110 (1.21{\%}) patients had subsequent hospitalization in the second year. Late presentation and non-retention were independent predictors of OIs-hospitalizations in the second year (OR: 2.58 and OR: 3.27, respectively) and the interaction between them was statistically significant (non-retention in care × late presentation, OR: 3.82). This study showed that retention in care in the first year is a moderator providing a stronger protective effect for late presenters than early presenters. Our findings call for policymakers to develop different strategies for early or late presenters.",
author = "Li, {Ming Chi} and Nai-Ying Ko and Wang, {Liang Yi}",
year = "2019",
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N2 - The moderator effect of retention in care on late presenters in HIV patients has not been well evaluated. A nationwide cohort study focusing on HIV-infected patients with new engagement in care was conducted by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Retention in care was defined based on the healthcare utilization in the first year after engaging in HIV care. Then, the impact of late presentation, retention in care, and their interaction on the risk of subsequent hospitalizations due to opportunistic infections (OIs-hospitalizations) in the second year were examined. More than half (59.38%) of the total patients (n = 9112) were retained in care in the first year, 8.63% were late presenters, and 110 (1.21%) patients had subsequent hospitalization in the second year. Late presentation and non-retention were independent predictors of OIs-hospitalizations in the second year (OR: 2.58 and OR: 3.27, respectively) and the interaction between them was statistically significant (non-retention in care × late presentation, OR: 3.82). This study showed that retention in care in the first year is a moderator providing a stronger protective effect for late presenters than early presenters. Our findings call for policymakers to develop different strategies for early or late presenters.

AB - The moderator effect of retention in care on late presenters in HIV patients has not been well evaluated. A nationwide cohort study focusing on HIV-infected patients with new engagement in care was conducted by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Retention in care was defined based on the healthcare utilization in the first year after engaging in HIV care. Then, the impact of late presentation, retention in care, and their interaction on the risk of subsequent hospitalizations due to opportunistic infections (OIs-hospitalizations) in the second year were examined. More than half (59.38%) of the total patients (n = 9112) were retained in care in the first year, 8.63% were late presenters, and 110 (1.21%) patients had subsequent hospitalization in the second year. Late presentation and non-retention were independent predictors of OIs-hospitalizations in the second year (OR: 2.58 and OR: 3.27, respectively) and the interaction between them was statistically significant (non-retention in care × late presentation, OR: 3.82). This study showed that retention in care in the first year is a moderator providing a stronger protective effect for late presenters than early presenters. Our findings call for policymakers to develop different strategies for early or late presenters.

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