The natural history (fading time) of stigmata of recent hemorrhage in peptic ulcer disease

Chi Chieh Yang, Jeng Shiann Shin, Xi-Zhang Lin, Ping I. Hsu, Kuan Wen Chen, Ching Yih Lin

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34 Citations (Scopus)


From October 1991 to December 1992, 144 patients with bleeding peptic ulcer and stigmata of recent hemorrhage were included in a study designed to investigate, by means of endoscopic examinations repeated at 2-day intervals, the evolutionary development of stigmata of recent hemorrhage, such as visible vessels, and to determine the time required for each type of stigma to fade. Eighty-five patients underwent endoscopic follow-up until the stigmata had disappeared. A visible vessel takes about 4.1 ± 2.1 days to disappear, requiring significantly more time than an adherent clot or an old stigma, which take 2.4 ± 0.8 days and 2.4 ± 1.3 days, respectively ( p < .05). Bleeding does not recur after stigmata disappear. Time required for stigmata to fade is not affected by age, sex, smoking, history of peptic ulcer, ulcer location, severe bleeding, underlying systemic disease, or endoscopic local therapy. While healing, stigmata of recent hemorrhage evolve through a sequence of phases: a visible vessel may or may not appear as an adherent clot and then as a red or black flat spot before disappearing. (Gastrointest Endosc 1994;40:562-6.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-566
Number of pages5
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology


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