The optical response of ZnO nanorods induced by oxygen chemisorption and desorption

Sanjaya Brahma, Chi Wei Yang, Chiu Hsin Wu, Feng Ming Chang, Tsung Jhe Wu, Chien Sheng Huang, Kuang Yao Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate a strategic approach to realize the oxygen chemisorption and desorption over ZnO nanorods (ZNRs) by second harmonic generation (SHG), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and a strong correlation is established in order to illustrate the quality of the top surface properties. A detailed investigation is carriedout with the variation of annealing temperature and oxygen flow rate for the optimization of the oxygen adsorption/desorption behavior. Oxygen species ionosorbed on ZNRs create a built-in electric field beneath the surface of ZNRs at room temperature and this directly reflects on the changes in the electric field induced SHG. The trend of decrease/increase in the intensity of SHG due to Ultraviolet irradiation and under rich oxygen atmosphere depends strongly on the quality of ZnO surface after post-annealing treatment. SHG is used extensively to indicate the dynamic chemisorption and desorption of oxygen on ZNRs in ambient atmosphere, which can assist the related research of oxygen adsorption in XPS under high vacuum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-907
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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