The phase transition of DNA molecules is studied in an exactly solvable formalism with the Morse and Deng-Fan potentials for the interstrand hydrogen bonds of nucleotide base pairs. It is shown that although the two potentials have different short-range behaviors, the thermodynamic quantities of the DNA system in these potentials enjoy the same scaling laws with the associated critical exponents, which are explicitly calculated. These exactly solvable DNA models are shown to exhibit a phase transition of the second order and the results of the analysis agree with previous studies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics