The organic contamination level based on the total soil mass is not a proper index of the soil contamination intensity

Hsu Wen Hung, G. Daniel Sheng, Tsair-Fuh Lin, Yuhong Su, Cary T. Chiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concentrations of organic contaminants in common productive soils based on the total soil mass give a misleading account of actual contamination effects. This is attributed to the fact that productive soils are essentially water-saturated, with the result that the soil uptake of organic compounds occurs principally by partition into the soil organic matter (SOM). This report illustrates that the soil contamination intensity of a compound is governed by the concentration in the SOM (C om) rather than by the concentration in whole soil (C s). Supporting data consist of the measured levels and toxicities of many pesticides in soils of widely differing SOM contents and the related levels in in-situ crops that defy explanation by the C s values. This SOM-based index is timely needed for evaluating the contamination effects of food crops grown in different soils and for establishing a dependable priority ranking for intended remediation of numerous contamination sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2928-2932
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume157
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Contamination
Soil
Soils
Biological materials
Crops
Food Contamination
Pesticides
Remediation
Organic compounds
Toxicity
Impurities
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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abstract = "Concentrations of organic contaminants in common productive soils based on the total soil mass give a misleading account of actual contamination effects. This is attributed to the fact that productive soils are essentially water-saturated, with the result that the soil uptake of organic compounds occurs principally by partition into the soil organic matter (SOM). This report illustrates that the soil contamination intensity of a compound is governed by the concentration in the SOM (C om) rather than by the concentration in whole soil (C s). Supporting data consist of the measured levels and toxicities of many pesticides in soils of widely differing SOM contents and the related levels in in-situ crops that defy explanation by the C s values. This SOM-based index is timely needed for evaluating the contamination effects of food crops grown in different soils and for establishing a dependable priority ranking for intended remediation of numerous contamination sites.",
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The organic contamination level based on the total soil mass is not a proper index of the soil contamination intensity. / Hung, Hsu Wen; Daniel Sheng, G.; Lin, Tsair-Fuh; Su, Yuhong; Chiou, Cary T.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 157, No. 11, 01.11.2009, p. 2928-2932.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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