The phase structure, electrical properties, and correlated characterizations of (Mn, Sb) co-tuned PZMnNS-PZT ceramics with relaxation behavior near the morphotropic phase boundary

Cheng Che Tsai, Sheng Yuan Chu, Jiann Sheng Jiang, Cheng Shong Hong, Yun Fang Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A normal to relaxor ferroelectric transition was induced by (Mn, Sb) co-tuned Pb[(MnxZn0.1-x)1/3(Sb xNb0.1-x)2/3(Zr0.505Ti 0.4895)0.9]O3 (x=0-0.1) ceramics near the morphotropic phase boundary using the precursor columbite method. To probe the crystal structure evolution, Raman scattering spectra and fine-scanning fitting curves for XRD patterns were obtained, showing that the B-O bonding energy and the fraction of tetragonal phase decreased with increasing x content. The relaxation degree (ΔTrelax), diffuseness degree (ΔT diff (1 kHz)), and diffuseness exponent (γ) of ceramics increased with x content due to increase in the fraction of rhombohedral phase, inducing a short-range order. Correspondingly, the "hard" effect was enhanced and the mechanical loss Qm-1 decreased from 0.01163 to 0.00063. The square ratio (Rsqu) decreased with increasing x content relating to the increase in reduced amount of space charge and the decrease in Qm-1. Moreover, the temperature change rate of resonant frequency (TCFr) and mechanical quality factor (TCQ m) could be made approximately zero by adjusting x for temperatures of up to 100°C. To retain the original resonant characterizations of power transducers at high temperature, the trade-off composition of ceramics was obtained at x=0.08 with properties: kp=0.50, Qm- 1=0.00071, ε33T0=900, tan δ=0.0065, γ=1.65, TCFr=-0.02%, and TCQ m=10.6%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11713-11725
Number of pages13
JournalCeramics International
Volume40
Issue number8 PART A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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