A normal to relaxor ferroelectric transition was induced by (Mn, Sb) co-tuned Pb[(MnxZn0.1-x)1/3(Sb xNb0.1-x)2/3(Zr0.505Ti 0.4895)0.9]O3 (x=0-0.1) ceramics near the morphotropic phase boundary using the precursor columbite method. To probe the crystal structure evolution, Raman scattering spectra and fine-scanning fitting curves for XRD patterns were obtained, showing that the B-O bonding energy and the fraction of tetragonal phase decreased with increasing x content. The relaxation degree (ΔTrelax), diffuseness degree (ΔT diff (1 kHz)), and diffuseness exponent (γ) of ceramics increased with x content due to increase in the fraction of rhombohedral phase, inducing a short-range order. Correspondingly, the "hard" effect was enhanced and the mechanical loss Qm-1 decreased from 0.01163 to 0.00063. The square ratio (Rsqu) decreased with increasing x content relating to the increase in reduced amount of space charge and the decrease in Qm-1. Moreover, the temperature change rate of resonant frequency (TCFr) and mechanical quality factor (TCQ m) could be made approximately zero by adjusting x for temperatures of up to 100°C. To retain the original resonant characterizations of power transducers at high temperature, the trade-off composition of ceramics was obtained at x=0.08 with properties: kp=0.50, Qm- 1=0.00071, ε33T/ε0=900, tan δ=0.0065, γ=1.65, TCFr=-0.02%, and TCQ m=10.6%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry