Objectives Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, affecting approximately 15% of the human population. Recently, increased concentration of nitric oxide in serum and synovial fluid in patients with OA has been observed. However, the exact role of nitric oxide in the initiation of OA has not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of nitric oxide in innate immune regulation during OA initiation in rats. Methods Rat OA was induced by performing meniscectomy surgery while cartilage samples were collected 0, 7, and 14 days after surgery. Cartilage cytokine levels were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, while other proteins were assessed by using Western blot Results In the time course of the study, nitric oxide was increased seven and 14 days after OA induction. Pro-inflammatory cytokines including tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)- 1β, and IL-6 were decreased. L-NG-Nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME, a non-specific nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) significantly decreased cartilage nitric oxide and blocked immune suppression. Further, L-NAME decreased Matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) and increased tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) expression in meniscectomised rats. Conclusion Nitric oxide-dependent innate immune suppression protects cartilage from damage in the early stages of OA initiation in rats.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Bone and Joint Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Apr|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine