The treatment and disposal of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash containing significant amounts of dissolvable salts and heavy metals is a seriously challenge. At present, the common treatment method for MSWI fly ash in Taiwan is the cement-based stabilization/solidification (S/S) process. In this work, an integrated hydrometallurgical process for the treatment of MSWI fly ash was evaluated. Ca was first recovered by combining water washing and ion exchange sequentially. Meanwhile, Zn in the water-washed fly ash was recovered by combining acid leaching and ion exchange sequentially. Combining the water washing efficiency of 30% on raw ash and the acid leaching efficiency of 40% on pre-washed ash, a total of 58% mass reduction rate of fly ash was achieved. In addition, an 80% Zn and 58% Ca recovery was achieved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law