Previous studies have shown that the expression of the major components from a local pancreatic renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was upregulated after chronic exposure to oxygen deprivation (10% oxygen). In the present study, the reversibility of expression for the pancreatic RAS affected by chronic hypoxia was investigated in the pancreas. Rats were first subject to hypoxia for one month and they were then returned to normoxic conditions for a varying period of time (1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks). The degree of recovery in the expression of RAS components was analyzed with standard curve-quantitative competitive-reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (SC-QC-RT-PCR), Western blot analysis and a specific assay for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity. Results from SC-QC-RT-PCR showed that the upregulated expression of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor mRNA following chronic hypoxia could be completely restored to the control level after the rats were returned to the normoxic condition for 3 weeks. The reversibility of mRNA expression for angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor and angiotensinogen was observed after the return to normoxic conditions for 2 and 3 weeks respectively when compared with that of their respective controls. Results from Western blot analysis further confirmed that the expression of AT1 receptor protein was also reversible after return to normoxic conditions for 4 weeks. In addition, the activation of ACE activity returned to its normal level in a time-dependent manner. These data indicate that the upregulation of a local pancreatic RAS affected by chronic hypoxia could be recoverable. The significance of its reversibility and adaptability following chronic hypoxia may be of physiological relevance to the pancreas.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology