Despite the recent enormous advances in medicine, high mortality and morbidity rates among the chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients remain an important but unresolved issue. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with CKD. Abnormal left ventricular geometry and functions are common in this patient group and have been proven to be correlated with a high cardiovascular mortality/morbidity and all-cause mortality. For this reason, echocardiographic study plays an important role in evaluating cardiac structure and functions as well as in stratifying prognostic risk. We here summarize the reported findings on the usefulness of echocardiographic methodologies and identify their roles in diagnostic and prognostic clinical approaches.
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