The role of physical activity and body-related perceptions in motor skill competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

Chia Hua Chu, Chia-Liang Tsai, Fu Chen Chen, Cindy H.P. Sit, Po Lin Chen, Chien Yu Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: This study assessed the associations of motor skill competence with physical activity and physical self-perception of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Study design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A total of 63 male adolescents, aged 12–18 years, with ASD participated in the study. The Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition and the Chinese version of the Physical Self-Perception Profile were administered. Physical activity was assessed using a uniaxial accelerometer. Results: The main findings were that (a) both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and self-perceived physical condition were positively related to manual coordination (MC) and strength and agility (SA); (b) moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was the only predictor of MC and accounted for 14% of the variance; and (c) perceived physical condition explained 16% of the variance in SA, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and perceived physical condition together accounted for 26% of the SA. Conclusion: Future interventions aimed at improving motor skill competence in adolescents with ASD should focus on improving the time spent on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and developing a positive perceived physical condition.Implications for rehabilitation Less than half of the participants with ASD accumulated at least 60 min of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Of the participants with ASD, only 19% had clinical levels of total motor impairments. Activities that promote successful moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and support positive physical self-perception (i.e., physical condition) are most likely to develop motor skill competency in adolescents with ASD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

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Motor Skills
Mental Competency
Exercise
Self Concept
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Rehabilitation
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

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title = "The role of physical activity and body-related perceptions in motor skill competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder",
abstract = "Purpose: This study assessed the associations of motor skill competence with physical activity and physical self-perception of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Study design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A total of 63 male adolescents, aged 12–18 years, with ASD participated in the study. The Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition and the Chinese version of the Physical Self-Perception Profile were administered. Physical activity was assessed using a uniaxial accelerometer. Results: The main findings were that (a) both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and self-perceived physical condition were positively related to manual coordination (MC) and strength and agility (SA); (b) moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was the only predictor of MC and accounted for 14{\%} of the variance; and (c) perceived physical condition explained 16{\%} of the variance in SA, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and perceived physical condition together accounted for 26{\%} of the SA. Conclusion: Future interventions aimed at improving motor skill competence in adolescents with ASD should focus on improving the time spent on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and developing a positive perceived physical condition.Implications for rehabilitation Less than half of the participants with ASD accumulated at least 60 min of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Of the participants with ASD, only 19{\%} had clinical levels of total motor impairments. Activities that promote successful moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and support positive physical self-perception (i.e., physical condition) are most likely to develop motor skill competency in adolescents with ASD.",
author = "Chu, {Chia Hua} and Chia-Liang Tsai and Chen, {Fu Chen} and Sit, {Cindy H.P.} and Chen, {Po Lin} and Pan, {Chien Yu}",
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The role of physical activity and body-related perceptions in motor skill competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. / Chu, Chia Hua; Tsai, Chia-Liang; Chen, Fu Chen; Sit, Cindy H.P.; Chen, Po Lin; Pan, Chien Yu.

In: Disability and Rehabilitation, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of physical activity and body-related perceptions in motor skill competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

AU - Chu, Chia Hua

AU - Tsai, Chia-Liang

AU - Chen, Fu Chen

AU - Sit, Cindy H.P.

AU - Chen, Po Lin

AU - Pan, Chien Yu

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N2 - Purpose: This study assessed the associations of motor skill competence with physical activity and physical self-perception of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Study design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A total of 63 male adolescents, aged 12–18 years, with ASD participated in the study. The Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition and the Chinese version of the Physical Self-Perception Profile were administered. Physical activity was assessed using a uniaxial accelerometer. Results: The main findings were that (a) both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and self-perceived physical condition were positively related to manual coordination (MC) and strength and agility (SA); (b) moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was the only predictor of MC and accounted for 14% of the variance; and (c) perceived physical condition explained 16% of the variance in SA, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and perceived physical condition together accounted for 26% of the SA. Conclusion: Future interventions aimed at improving motor skill competence in adolescents with ASD should focus on improving the time spent on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and developing a positive perceived physical condition.Implications for rehabilitation Less than half of the participants with ASD accumulated at least 60 min of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Of the participants with ASD, only 19% had clinical levels of total motor impairments. Activities that promote successful moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and support positive physical self-perception (i.e., physical condition) are most likely to develop motor skill competency in adolescents with ASD.

AB - Purpose: This study assessed the associations of motor skill competence with physical activity and physical self-perception of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Study design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A total of 63 male adolescents, aged 12–18 years, with ASD participated in the study. The Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Second Edition and the Chinese version of the Physical Self-Perception Profile were administered. Physical activity was assessed using a uniaxial accelerometer. Results: The main findings were that (a) both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and self-perceived physical condition were positively related to manual coordination (MC) and strength and agility (SA); (b) moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was the only predictor of MC and accounted for 14% of the variance; and (c) perceived physical condition explained 16% of the variance in SA, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and perceived physical condition together accounted for 26% of the SA. Conclusion: Future interventions aimed at improving motor skill competence in adolescents with ASD should focus on improving the time spent on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and developing a positive perceived physical condition.Implications for rehabilitation Less than half of the participants with ASD accumulated at least 60 min of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Of the participants with ASD, only 19% had clinical levels of total motor impairments. Activities that promote successful moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and support positive physical self-perception (i.e., physical condition) are most likely to develop motor skill competency in adolescents with ASD.

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