The role of silicon in osteoblast-like cell proliferation and apoptosis

Ming You Shie, Shinn Jyh Ding, Hsien-Chang Chang

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181 Citations (Scopus)


The optimal concentration at which Si induces cell functions has not been fully elucidated. In the present study the effects of Si concentration (0-6 mM) on the biological functions of MG63 cells were investigated. Cell proliferation in the presence of 2 mM Si- and 4 mM Si-containing media progressively increased with culture time, whereas that of 6 mM Si treated MG63 cells was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced. The unusually high Si concentration (6 mM) induced a significant (P < 0.05) increase in the sub-G1 phase of cells from the original 3.60% up to 43.01% after culture for 12 h. In contrast, the other lower Si concentration treated MG63 cells in the sub-G1 phase were in the range 3-5% at all culture time points. 4 mM Si treated MG63 cells, but not 6 mM Si treated MG63 cells, showed remarkably enhanced collagen type I (COL I) gene expression and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) secretion, which were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those in the control medium. The activation of ERK was also stimulated in MG63 cells by 4 mM Si. Cells cultured in the presence of 4 mM Si were found to have calcium matrix formation on day 7 that was 15-fold greater than that in the control medium. The results obtained in this study may be useful in designing calcium silicate-based materials with optimal biological properties. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2604-2614
Number of pages11
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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