The role of thrombomodulin in atherosclerosis: From bench to bedside

Yi-Heng Li, Guey Yueh Shi, Hua-Lin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atherosclerosis remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In addition to the deposition of cholesterol in the arterial wall, inflammation, cell proliferation and migration play important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Thrombomodulin (TM) is a cell surface-expressed glycoprotein which is predominantly synthesized by vascular endothelial cells and a critical cofactor for thrombin-mediated activation of protein C. Activated protein C is best known for its natural anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory properties. Recent evidence has revealed that TM also has protein C- and thrombin-independent physiological function. This review summarizes recent investigations of TM, giving an overview on the TM unique effects on cellular proliferation, adhesion and inflammation, all of which are important steps in atherosclerosis. The current evidence of TM in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis will be reviewed, and the associations of TM gene polymorphisms with atherosclerosis are presented. Newly emerging data of the TM in mouse atherosclerosis model demonstrates that TM potentially may have therapeutic role in atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalCardiovascular and Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 1

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Thrombomodulin
Atherosclerosis
Protein C
Thrombin
Cell Proliferation
Arteritis
Membrane Glycoproteins
Anticoagulants
Cell Movement
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Endothelial Cells
Cholesterol
Inflammation
Morbidity
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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The role of thrombomodulin in atherosclerosis : From bench to bedside. / Li, Yi-Heng; Shi, Guey Yueh; Wu, Hua-Lin.

In: Cardiovascular and Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 4, No. 2, 01.04.2006, p. 183-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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