The self-care strategies of girls with primary dysmenorrhea: A focus group study in Taiwan

Chung Hey Chen, Yin Hui Lin, Margaret Heitkemper, Kun Ming Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynaecological complaint and the leading cause of recurrent short-term school absenteeism among adolescent girls. To explore adolescent girls' self-care strategies for dysmenorrhea, we conducted four focus groups in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, with 23 female adolescents with primary dysmenorrhea. Thematic content analysis was used to explore and organize the data. The self-care strategies for dysmenorrhea reported by participants included reducing physical activity, modifying diet using herbal remedies or medication, applying complementary therapies, paying attention to symptom clusters of discomforts, and expressing emotions. This is the first study to describe the self-care strategies adopted by adolescent girls with dysmenorrhea in Asia. Data were analyzed in cultural contexts. Knowledge of beneficial food-related or herbal health practices can enable professionals to counsel this population more effectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-427
Number of pages10
JournalHealth Care for Women International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Health Professions


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