The wetting behaviors between the quaternary Sn-8.55Zn-1Ag-XAl solder alloys and Cu have been investigated with the wetting balance method. The Al contents, x, of the quaternary solder alloys investigated were 0.01-0.45 wt.%. The results of differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) analysis indicate that the solders exhibit a solid-liquid coexisting range of about 7-10°C. The solidus temperature of the quaternary Sn-8.55Zn-1Ag-XAl solder alloys is about 198.2°C, while the liquidus temperatures are 205-207°C. The experimental results showed that the wettability of the Sn-8.55Zn-1Ag-XAl solder alloys is improved by the addition of Al. The mean maximum wetting force of the solders with Cu is within 0.75-1.18 mN and the mean wetting time is around 1.0-1.1 sec, better than the ∼1.3 sec of eutectic Sn-9Zn and Sn-8.55Zn-1Ag solder alloys. The addition of Al also depresses the formation of ε-Ag-Zn compounds at the interface between Sn-8.55Zn-1Ag-XAl solders and copper.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry