We have systematically investigated the magnetic, electrical, and structural properties of the high-purity superconducting ferromagnet RuSr 2GdCu2O8, in which superconductivity and significant ferromagnetism have been reported to coexist. Our results show that there may exist in this compound a novel superconducting state which is characterized by the absence of a bulk Meissner effect, the presence of negligible superconducting condensation energy, and the appearance of an unusually large effective penetration depth. Such a state appears to have a nonuniform filamentary structure existing in the less magnetic walls between the ferromagnetic domains or a fine-grain structure beset by ferromagnetic walls between antiferromagnetic "domains," similar to the case of NdNi 2B2C. These results are presented and contrasted with the recently reported Meissner effect in RuSr2GdCu2O 8 in terms of the various phase transition sequences predicted.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics