The use of emerging informatics techniques to evaluate the delivery of NMAETC programs to address HIV and AIDS disparities

Chiehwen Ed Hsu, Keisha Watson, Bradley Boekeloo, Ning Shang, Christiana Metzger, Goulda Downer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Information technologies are employed to evaluate health program and better target recruitment of health care workforce for underserved communities, where needs for providers are greatest. With increased resources in reducing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS disparities and provider training, it may be important to know whether training is delivered in geographic areas where HIV/AIDS demonstrates high prevalence. The present study employs an informatics approach to identifying effectiveness of AIDS educational intervention in minority populations adversely affected by the disease. We seek to assess the National Minority AIDS Education and Training Center (NMAETC) on whether training activities are delivered appropriately in areas with high AIDS prevalence. Methods: A geographic information systems application was developed to relate NMAETC provider training activities to its spatial relationship of AIDS prevalence of 4 major US racial/ethnic groups (fiscal years 2005-2006). Trainees' locations were geocoded by zip code. We overlaid AIDS prevalence of major demographic communities by state with the US Census region and division boundaries to visually inspect the patterns of distribution and potential spatial association. Results: NMAETC training better targeted providers in 3 US Census regions and census divisions. The regions with higher provider training level generally corresponded to geographic areas with high AIDS prevalence for some minority populations. Additional efforts could be extended to recruit providers in the areas where the incidences were high for some communities. Conclusions: Most NMAETC provider training activities occurred in the states with a high AIDS prevalence. Additional efforts could be extended to recruit the providers in those regions where HIV/AIDS are more prevalent for some minority populations. The National Medical Association

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1116-1122
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume102
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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