Sarcopenia is defined as the loss of skeletal muscle mass and muscle function. It is common in patients with malignancies and often associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The presence of sarcopenia in patients with cancer is determined by body composition, and recently, radiologic technology for the accurate estimation of body composition is under development. Artificial intelligence- (AI-) assisted image measurement facilitates the detection of sarcopenia in clinical practice. Sarcopenia is a prognostic factor for patients with cancer, and confirming its presence helps to recognize those patients at the greatest risk, which provides a guide for designing individualized cancer treatments. In this review, we examine the recent literature (2017-2021) on AI-assisted image assessment of body composition and sarcopenia, seeking to synthesize current information on the mechanism and the importance of sarcopenia, its diagnostic image markers, and the interventions for sarcopenia in the medical care of patients with cancer. We concluded that AI-assisted image analysis is a reliable automatic technique for segmentation of abdominal adipose tissue. It has the potential to improve diagnosis of sarcopenia and facilitates identification of oncology patients at the greatest risk, supporting individualized prevention planning and treatment evaluation. The capability of AI approaches in analyzing series of big data and extracting features beyond manual skills would no doubt progressively provide impactful information and greatly refine the standard for assessing sarcopenia risk in patients with cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical