Theoretical analysis and simulations of micro-dosing locomotive robot with drug-release mechanism

Jing Yao Lai, Nan Chyuan Tsai, Hsin Lin Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A micro-dosing system model of overall size 5×5×4.2 mm 3 for drug delivery is proposed and presented. The drug delivery system mainly consists of a micro-wheel and a micro-drug release mechanism. The motion of the micro-wheel is controlled by changing the gravity center of a running disk, which is placed within the hollow micro-wheel and attracted by the actuated micro-solenoids fabricated on the inner wall of micro-wheel in shift. In addition, the micro-wheel is controlled to roll forwards/backwards to the designated location by two sliding mode control strategies: one for long-distance motion (to transport the drug to the vicinity of the spots under disease) and the other for short-distance motion (to decelerate down and stop at the exact drug-release location). On the other hand, the micro-drug release mechanism is composed by a cantilever beam and a chamber filled up by medicine. The pyramid tip of the cantilever beam deflected by the applied electrostatic force is designed to penetrate the micro-film which seals the chamber so that the medicine can be released at the specified spot. The so called "pyramid tip" is, in fact, to replace the conventional medical needle. Its profile is like a pyramid to comply with the MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System) fabrication process. This "pyramid" is constructed at the free end of a cantilever beam and hence named as a "pyramid tip".

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalRobotics and Autonomous Systems
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • General Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications


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