The crystal polymorphism, transformation, and morphologies in chloroform solvent-cast poly(hexamethylene terephthalate) (PHT) were examined by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and temperature in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Solvent-induced crystallization of PHT at room temperature yielded an initial crystal of γ-form, as confirmed by WAXD. Upon DSC scanning, the original γ-form in PHT exhibited three endothermic peaks, whose origins and association were carefully analyzed. The first peak, much smaller than the other two, is in the temperature range of ca. 100-120 °C. It was found that the solvent-induced γ-form was transformed to β-form at 125 °C via a solid-to-solid transformation mechanism. In addition, WAXD showed that γ- and β-forms co-existed in the temperature range of 100-125 °C. These mixed crystal forms were further identified using TEM, and the selected-area electron diffraction (ED) patterns revealed that both γ- and β-form crystals co-existed and were packed within the same spherulite. Solid-solid transformation from the solvent-induced γ-form to β-form in PHT upon heat scanning was presented with evidence and discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry