Thermal and hydrodynamic characteristics of divergent rectangular minichannel heat sinks

C. J. Ho, Po Chieh Chang, Wei Mon Yan, Pouria Amani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


For many years, miniaturizing the heat exchangers has led to the introduction of minichannel heat sinks (MCHSs) which offer a significant improvement in the heat transfer rate for cooling/heating applications. In this research, we aim to further improve the geometry of MCHSs by diverging the minichannels. Therefore, here a comparative study on hydrothermal performance of a parallel and divergent MCHSs with divergence angles of β = 1.38° and β = 2.06° is conducted. The volumetric flow rate of the working fluid is ranged from 100 to 600 cm3/min under different heat flux intensities of 3.2 × 104, 4 × 104, and 4.8 × 104 W/m2. To elucidate the thermal performance of divergent minichannels, the wall temperature distribution, average Nusselt number, pressure drop and the corresponding values of friction factor, thermal resistance of the coolant, and the cost of performance (COP) are evaluated at different experimental conditions. The results reveal that the divergent MCHSs have a clear advantage over the traditional parallel MCHSs for practical thermal applications; and they offer greater values of Nusselt number and COP along with lower pressure drop penalty, especially at higher flow rate of the working fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-274
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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