Based on Reissner’s mixed variational theorem (RMVT), a unified formulation of finite layer methods (FLMs) is developed for the quasi three-dimensional (3-D) thermal buckling analysis of simply-supported, sandwich piezoelectric plates embedded with a functionally graded elastic material (FGEM) core, the material properties of which are considered to be thickness- and temperature-dependent. The plate is subjected to a uniform temperature change and with open-/closed-circuit boundary conditions on the lateral surfaces. A 3-D linear buckling theory is used, in which a set of membrane stresses is assumed to exist just before buckling occurs, and these membrane stresses are determined using a set of predefined 3-D deformations for the pre-buckling state. The material properties of the FGEM core are assumed to obey the power-law distributions varying through the thickness coordinate of the core according to the volume fractions of the constituents. The effective material properties are estimated using the rule of mixtures and Mori-Tanaka’s model. The accuracies and convergence rates of the FLMs with various orders, as used for expanding the elastic and electric variables in the thickness direction, are assessed by comparing their solutions with the exact 3D and accurate two-dimensional ones available in the literature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics