With cooling applications to shipping machineries, thermal performances of static and swinging two-phase loop thermosyphons (TPLTs) operated at sub-atmospheric conditions are comparatively examined. The influences of pitching and/or rolling oscillations on the boiling flow structures and associated heat transfer characteristics, thermodynamic cycles and the constituent thermal resistances along the TPLT flow pathway are investigated. Flow visualization and thermal performance tests are individually performed at the identical test conditions controlled by boiling heater power (Q), condenser thermal resistance (Rth,con) and pitching/rolling frequencies to detect the boiling flow structures, boiling heat transfer rates, phase-change pressures in evaporator/condenser as well as the loop-wise compositions of the constituent thermal resistances. With present swinging TPLTs, the vapor bubbles in liquid pool yield to the disk-shape with the swaying bubble string centered at the nucleate site. Instead of the rigorous vapor bubble shooting in static evaporator channel at continuous boiling flow regime, the coherent vapor bubble cluster develops in the vapor dome of present swinging evaporator channel. Due to the swinging force effects on the boiling flow structures, the regionally averaged boiling heat transfer rates are initially reduced from the static references and followed by the subsequent increase as the swinging forces increase. The differential swinging force impacts at single pitching, single rolling and compound pitching and rolling test conditions on the boiling flow structures and heat transfer rates as well as the constituent and total thermal resistances are illustrated using a set of comparative results collected from the swinging and static TPLTs. The thermal resistances caused by boiling instabilities for present swinging TPLTs are considerably raised from the static references, leading to the noticeably elevations of cooling power consumptions. Two sets of empirical correlations, which permit the evaluations of boiling heat transfer rates and cooling power consumptions at various Q, Rth,con and pitching (Pi) or rolling (Ro) numbers are generated to assist the on-board applications.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Oct|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes