The role of dipalmitoylphosphatic acid (DPPA) as a transfer promoter to enhance the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) deposition of a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) monolayer at air/liquid interfaces was investigated, and the effects of Ca2+ ions in the subphase were discussed. The miscibility of the two components at air/liquid interfaces was evaluated by surface pressure-area per molecule isotherms, thermodynamic analysis, and by the direct observation of Brewster angle microscopy (BAM). Multilayer LB deposition behavior of the mixed DPPA/DPPC monolayers was then studied by transferring the monolayers onto hydrophilic glass plates at a surface pressure of 30 mN/m. The results showed that the two components, DPPA and DPPC, were miscible in a monolayer on both subphases of pure water and 0.2 mM CaCl2 solution. However, an exception occurs between XDPPA=0.2 and 0.5 at air/CaCl2-solution interface, where a partially miscible monolayer with phase separation may occur. Negative deviations in the excess area analysis were found for the mixed monolayer system, indicating the existence of attractive interactions between DPPA and DPPC molecules in the monolayers. The monolayers were stable at the surface pressure of 30 mN/m for the following LB deposition as evaluated from the area relaxation behavior. It was found that the presence of Ca2+ ions had a stabilization effect for DPPA-rich monolayers, probably due to the association of negatively charged DPPA molecules with Ca2+ ions. Moreover, the Ca2+ ions may enhance the adhesion of DPPA polar groups to a glass surface and the interactions between DPPA polar groups in the multilayer LB film structure. As a result, Y-type multilayer LB films containing DPPC could be fabricated from the mixed DPPA/DPPC monolayers with the presence of Ca2+ ions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry