Thermomechanical and optical characteristics of stretched polyvinylidene fluoride

Wen Yang Chang, Te Hua Fang, Yu Cheng Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermomechanical and optical characteristics of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) are investigated using a thermomechanical, a nanoindentation, and a photometric analyzer for flexible electronic applications. Experimental results show that thermomechanical characteristics, thermal elongation, and expansion, are greatly influenced at stretching ratios of over four in the stretching direction. Consequently, shrinking occurs because of higher cohesion at the tie chains of the amorphous regions. Additionally, there are almost uniform hardness and Young's modulus of about 0.25 ± 0.01 and 3.44 ± 0.14 GPa when the penetration depth is about 1000 nm. Unstretched PVDF films have a higher absorbance in the ultraviolet light range than stretched films do. PVDF films stretched over three times their original length have transmittance of above 90% at near infrared light. In addition, PVDF films stretched at lower temperatures show a lower transmittance because the films easily whitened during α to β phase transformations. The results provide information to optimize PVDF films for applications in flexible designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-958
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume46
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Thermomechanical and optical characteristics of stretched polyvinylidene fluoride'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this