Thermosynechococcus sp. CL-1 (TCL-1) as an efficient cyanobacterium in CO2 fixation, C-phycocyanin production, and removal of Cd and Pb

Birgitta Narindri Rara Winayu, Kuan Ya Chiu, Hsin Ta Hsueh, Hsin Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Photosynthetic microorganisms achieve a tremendous CO2 fixation rate and heavy metal removal. This study assessed the performance of Thermosynechococcus sp. CL-1 for CO2 fixation, heavy metals (Cd and Pb) removal, and C-phycocyanin production. The tests were conducted under various light intensities (500–2,000 µE/m2/s) and the concentration of additional Cd and Pb. Cultivation was carried out in a flat-panel photobioreactor at a temperature of 50 oC for 12 h for examination of CO2 fixation rate, heavy metal removal, and phycocyanin production. Increasing light intensity promoted TCL-1 growth performance and only a slight decline was caused by the heavy metals. Supply of 2,000 µE/m2/s light intensity with 5 MF, 2.5 mg-Cd/L, and 0.5 mg-Pb/L achieved CO2 fixation rates of 118.1±12.5, 106.9±30.1, and 114.1±26.9 mg/L/h, respectively. Total Cd removal was presented under 2,000 µE/m2/s light intensity, but only 36–67% Pb removal was achieved. Removal of heavy metals was dominated by the bio-adsorption process by the functional groups on the surface of the cells. Besides, heavy metals also reduced C-phycocyanin production by TCL-1. Thus, TCL-1 can be a potential candidate for simultaneous CO2 fixation and heavy metal removal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109367
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Thermosynechococcus sp. CL-1 (TCL-1) as an efficient cyanobacterium in CO2 fixation, C-phycocyanin production, and removal of Cd and Pb'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this