Three-dimensional analyses of two high-speed trains crossing on a bridge

H. T. Lin, S. H. Ju

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1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper investigates the dynamic characteristics of the three-dimensional vehicle-bridge system when two high-speed trains are crossing on a bridge. Multispan bridges with slender piers and simply supported beams were used in the dynamic finite element analysis. A response ratio (RR) was defined in this study to represent the ratio of the vehicle-bridge interaction of two-way trains to that of a one-way train. The finite element results indicate that this ratio increases significantly when two-way trains run near the same speed, and the maximum value is approximately equal to or smaller than two for the vertical dynamic response. This means that the maximum dynamic response of the two-way trains is at most twice that of the one-way train. When the two-way train speeds are sufficiently different, the response ratio approaches one on average, which means that the dynamic effect of the two-way train is similar to that of the one-way train. Finite element results also indicate that the averaged response ratio in the three global directions is about 1.65 when the two-way trains run at the same speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-110
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering


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