Three-dimensional analyses of wave barriers for reduction of train-induced vibrations

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57 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the use of a three-dimensional finite-element analysis to model soil vibrations due to high-speed trains on bridges. Finite-element meshes include the bridge superstructure, bridge foundations, nearby building foundations, and piles. Wheel elements represented by appropriate mass, damping and stiffness factors were used to simulate a moving high-speed train. Along the mesh boundaries, absorbing boundary conditions were employed to avoid fictitious wave reflections. Isolation methods to reduce soil vibrations were investigated including construction of open and infilled trenches and soil improvement. Vibration isolation effects due to building foundations and piles were also studied. The finite-element results indicate that suitable axial stiffness between two simple beams can reduce vibration significantly, especially at a near-resonance condition. Operating with an appropriate train velocity to avoid resonance can be another way to reduce vibrations. Suitable mat foundations can significantly reduce soil horizontal vibration, but cannot isolate vertical vibration. Soil improvements near the bridge do not effectively attenuate low-frequency vibrations. Infilled and open trenches can isolate soil vertical vibration; however, their efficiency seems disproportionate to their cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-748
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Environmental Science(all)


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